Sleep, or lack thereof, has also been found to be a critical factor in the ability of our First Responders to do their jobs. We rely on them to respond in emergencies of the highest severity: to be on top form, able to save lives, and fight through the trauma. But first responders too, are only human. Firefighters, police officers, correctional officers, paramedics, and nurses are all susceptible to sleep-related disorders just like the rest of us. With unhealthy long and irregular shift patterns, these life-saving professions have been shown to have detrimental effects on the lives of heroic individuals.
In addition to that, first responders’ job roles result in physical and mental strain on the body–even when functioning at a level of optimum sleep–so the knock-on effect of poor performance can lead to a multitude of mental health concerns. Many workers in first responder positions are, at some point in their career, likely to be involved in some form of event which could lead to PTSD: a harrowing condition that could ultimately lead to a higher risk of suicide.
Those working in potentially life-threatening environments are often exposed to harmful fumes, chemicals, and dangerous scenarios, and are trained to protect themselves against these elements. For the first responder, the one area of their professional lifestyle that is often overlooked for needing care is the access to a good night’s sleep. A study by the Journal of Clinical Medicine found that nearly 40% of 7,000 firefighters tested were found to suffer from insomnia, work-shift disorder, sleep apnea, or a combination thereof. Although most of these individuals were likely all too aware that their sleeping life was less than ideal, nearly 80% of these firefighters didn’t know that their lack of shuteye time had resulted in a medical disorder.
Around 103 firefighters and 140 police officers in the U.S. tragically took their own lives in 2017. These figures far exceed the death tolls relating to incidents actually occurring on the front line. And with suicide figures notoriously underreported, it’s likely that these figures are actually much higher. With such common exposure to gun crime, it’s unsurprising that 90% of police suicides are by firearm. Figures relating to suicide in firefighters are also incredibly shocking: 44% of full-time firefighters and over 50% of volunteer firefighters had experienced suicidal ideation, nearly 17% and 31%, respectively, had made suicide plans, while more than 15% and almost 27%, respectively, had made suicidal attempts.
Many emergency responders, including those in the police force and medical services, work between 16- and 24-hour shifts, and even when rest time is encouraged, it is likely that these individuals will be disrupted and called out at unsociable hours. In 2015, a study referenced by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that around 50% of emergency medical service workers surveyed were suffering from fatigue. This inadequate state of awareness can lead to fatal errors in medical operations, poor driving quality, and slow reactions which could lead to injuries or death. Having very little sleep can also impair judgment and memory retention, making even the most experienced workers likely to face difficulties in high-pressure and fatal scenarios. When the body suffers from prolonged periods of sleep deprivation, cognitive functionality decreases and results in impairment similar to an ‘over-the-limit’ blood alcohol level of 0.1%. And with the amount of emergency calls increasing year on year, first responders continue to live under crushing amounts of pressure, which leads to even less chances of quality sleeping time.
Shift Workers and The Circadian Rhythm
The Circadian rhythm is the natural physical, mental, and behavioral changes in the body that take place in most living things on a daily basis. Natural circadian rhythm in humans makes us sleep at night and stay awake during the day. Understandably, shift work disrupts the circadian rhythm, and we are just beginning to understand the vast significance of the health consequences this can have on the body. Circadian misalignment, as it’s called when someone isn’t able to follow the natural circadian rhythm of sleeping at night and staying awake during the day, affects cardiovascular and mental health, and increases one’s risk of cancer, as well as a host of other potential problems. Furthermore, it increases the risk of workplace accidents and injuries, and increased errors in the workplace. Addressing and treating the sleep issues that shift workers face will have tremendous positive consequences for the health of these workers, while improving the efficacy and efficiency of their work output.
The Sleep RN: It’s Time to Help our First Responders
With the nation facing these major issues, many of which can be traced back to improper sleep, there is no one better positioned to step in than Julia Worrall, The Sleep RN. With her innovative and cutting-edge research tools and methods, combined with a team of world-renowned professionals who are all leaders in their fields, she’ll work with medical professionals, first responders, corrections officers, veterans, and inmates to heal the nation by implementing inventive approaches to correcting unhealthy sleep patterns. With The Sleep RN at the helm, those who want to see real change and results can, in every sense of the word, rest easy.